Author: Michael D. Vogel Genre: ,
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311 – Straight From The Heartland

(click on picture to open file)

By: Michael D. Vogel

© July 15, 1997. Michael D. Vogel. All Rights Reserved.

 

Published in:

Venice magazine – November 1997

Back almost eight years ago, inspired by some of the greatest groups of the early punk-rock movement, (i.e. Sex Pistols, The Clash, Ramones and the Buzzcocks), 311 formed in the heart of middle America–Omaha, Nebraska. Through three self-produced indie albums and an exhaustive touring schedule that has helped them cultivate one of the most intense (and biggest) “grassroots” fan bases around, the band has managed to maintain their straight-up, melodic hard-core style.

Flash to 1991. 311 trades in nearly two years of hard work and sweat to go with “the man.” Goin’ corporate, if you will. At the time, bandleader Nicholas Hexum says, “We’re going to do what we want to do, and we’re always going to be the people we’ve always been. So, in the long run, I don’t think it makes much difference either way.”

Cut to the present, 1997. The boys of 311 are riding high on the success of their multi-Platinum third album, which has spawned three Top 20 tracks, including the #1 alternative juggernaut “Down.” They’ve recorded four albums since signing to Capricorn, and at the time of our talk the new album, Transistor had yet to be released, but the guys were already packing their bags in preparation for a whirlwind tour of Europe. Unfazed by the rush of the moment, Nick Hexum invited me to his new home, nestled high atop the Hollywood Hills, to catch up on the last few months, as well as to treat me to an exclusive preview of some highly tasty tracks from the new record. [Somewhere, throughout the rest of Hollywood, 311’s other four symphonic-hipsters–Chad, P-Nut, Tim and S.A.–were busily making preparations and tying up loose ends before the impending trip abroad.]

Nicholas Hexum is basically an open and friendly guy who, in my opinion, defines what growing up in America’s heartland is all about. Relaxing in an antique dining room chair, with an illuminated Dodger stadium just over his shoulder, Mr. Hexum is quite game to give me a little insight into the new album. In between final trip preparations and some last-minute phone calls (as well as a few quick games of billiards), Nick is ready to talk to me (and my tape recorder).

“We’ve changed a lot and then some/You know that we have always been down/And if I ever didn’t thank you/Then just let me do it now.”

“We all feel very fortunate. If it ever gets stressful, we remember that there are others out there who are less fortunate than us. Everyone has to have a job, yet the job that we have is something that we would, for the most part, be doing for fun anyway. I think the rap to ‘Starshines’ states it the best:

“I am a music lover and somehow I get paid/ This song would still exist if no money was made/That’s the difference!

The band’s long-time fans needn’t worry about the spectre of a possible 311 sell-out–the new material is the same intense, streamlined rock-meets-reggae cocktail that has always been the signature of their sound. The simplicity of the project shines through, and the 21 tracks on the album paint a clear picture of what’s going on with the band.

“It’s a lot rawer,” Nick says of Transistor ‘s overall vibe, as a cool summertime breeze and sirens from the city below float in through the window. “We just tried to think of it in artistic terms. But that also made us relax a little more, as well as have more fun, overall. It’s the energy that is important. We felt we could get more out of each song, as well as go off further on certain tangents. Our sound is pretty different when we play in a live forum. We deliver the song with more force, and there is a lot heavier of a groove and power that you really can’t appreciate until you see us play in front of a live audience. We do have ‘album’ fans, but first and foremost, the most important thing to us has always been playing live. We aren’t going to be media manipulators, or fashion kings, or this week’s bunch of bad boys. All we want to do is play the music.”

That kind of intensity smacks like an open hand to the back of the neck throughout Transistor ‘s nearly two dozen depth charges. At the time of my introduction to the new album, the songs hadn’t even been set into any type of running sequence, yet there was nothing remotely resembling a weak link in the bunch. “It was simply time to challenge our fans as well as ourselves. We really wouldn’t feel proud of the album if it were simply a rehash of the same old thing. Fortunately, our fans have always embraced the different changes and styles we have employed over the last few albums, but at the same time, they demand we continue to really let it rock. We believe that Transistor embodies that kind of creative philosophy.

“There are some really hard-core songs, like ‘What Was I Thinking’ and ‘Electricity,’ and then there is ‘Galaxy,’ which could be the most intense of them all,” exclaims Nick. “Galaxy” is probably the most obvious tip that a dose of their roots just may have filtered its way into their present trip. Yet, for all the savage shades that abound on Transistor (in addition to slots in regular rotations on MTV and Alternative Radio), 311 aren’t really out to prove anything, other than that they haven’t changed a bit since becoming a multi-Platinum band.

Tune in/For those who are waitin’/Vision/Feel it from within/Sing along.

“We’re not really trying to get the music heard anymore. We’re really just trying to maintain our creative level and maintain our fan base. Even though we’re aware that our records are going out to potential millions, we try to stay focused in somewhat of a grassroots orientation, where we make music that will appeal to our family and friends. But, by trying something new, our goal is not to try and bring in those that were not supporters of the band before. Instead, we concentrate our energies on what we need to do in order to get the job done and rock the house. It’s not so much that we’re looking to grab the Hootie and the Blowfish fans as we are trying to make lasting impressions with the existing fan base.

“The bottom line is that we’ve always done exactly what we wanted to do,” explains Hexum, leaning across the table to express the extreme seriousness of this response. Together with Chad Sexton, Timothy J. Mahoney, Count S.A. Martinez and P-Nut, Nick formed 311 back in 1990. “I guess we must have been somewhat ahead of our time. We have been making music like this, mixing beats with rock and reggae, for years now.”

311 has also gained a little breathing room when it comes to being labeled as a band whose lyrics are capable of an ultra-blatant lashing effect. They have often been classified as having some very strong political beliefs. Examples of this can be found in such songs as “Unity” from Music, “Applied Science” on Grassroots and “Guns (Are For Pussies)” from their third self-titled release, to name just a few. According to Nicholas, Transistor carries on in that same fashion, but at the same time takes a good hard look at the individual and his place in the universe.

You’re a transistor/Lightning resistor/Conducting to the mother star/That’s what you are.

“The concept behind the name Transistor, whether you realize it or not, is that we are all diodes, or circuits, of the same like. Our nerves are like electrical wires that are carrying impulses to the brain to create our individual thoughts. Therefore, we are all transistors of the same electrical force that comes from the song. I guess it would be something similar to conducting through the mother star. All living creatures, both animals and plants, are exchanging the same electricity. It is a message of unity that we are all one interconnected organism. Therefore, the differences we see in the people around us are nothing more than individual elements that help to make us part of one great big organism.”

Taking that kind of inspiration to heart, Hexum — who is normally very much immersed in 311′s composing and recording process–moved a little farther away from being the central singer/songwriter to a more relaxed and integrated member of the band.

“Personally, I have been listening to more singers then rappers. On the last album, I had a rap on almost every song, whereas for Transistor, I have only two raps on the entire album. The vocals styles of S.A. and myself are very complementary. Where he is more of a hard-core rapper, I tend to reflect the styles of jazz/reggae crooners. The rap and hip-hop feel will always be a part of the music we do, but for this record, we wanted to concentrate more on melodies. It is essential to the longevity of the song. If there is no melody, the song will eventually become dated, fitting only that musical climate [of] when it was written. But if it has a melody, which defines the essence of what dancehall reggae is all about; the song should have lasting appeal. Overall, we would like to think of our songs as potential standards, rather than something simply destined for a mosh pit!”

“During the recording of our last album, 311, we were creating some pretty tasty rock riffs and then combining them with vocal raps. A very simplistic approach, compared to the recording of Transistor, where the lyrics were composed simultaneously with the music. Each song is written with a specific melody in mind, leaving room for improvisation in order to add some extra texture to the music. Without it, there is no sense in continuing with that project. In short, slapping two things together doesn’t accurately portray the picture the song is trying to create, as well as having a complete vision and then seeing it through to its completion.

“Overall, everyone in the band has really grown and matured since the last album. [Chad] Sexton’s beats and [Tim] Mahoney’s solos are always amazing, but the biggest difference is S.A. and P-Nut’s growth in the song writing forum.”

Every life form is based on this simplicity/ The soul that you have is electricity.

But, like each of its predecessors, neither Transistor nor the band itself can be defined by anything less than four words. “Reggae and dancehall music have always been such a love of ours that we felt compelled to play it, as well as try and bring some much needed attention to the whole genre. It satisfies the whole band because of the intense rhythms of rap music, but also because of the melodies that reggae music provides. Therefore, our style for this record is a combination of the two. Each song is so completely different and unique, though; no one descriptive term can accurately describe the whole album. There are some rock songs, others that combine hip-hop beats with dancehall vocals and a 60′s style surf guitar sound into what has become a unique 311 formula. Simply stated, Transistor is a quasi-musical cocktail of funk, rock, rap, and reggae, with a few other spices thrown in. As a result, the music can be enjoyed by almost everyone.”

With guitarist Timothy J. handling all the blistering lead riffs, Nick providing layers of rhythm on the guitar, and P-Nut and Chad laying down the beat, it’s up to Count S.A. on the turntables to add sonic texture to the song. “Improvisation starts with a unique riff that hasn’t been used by anyone else. If it is adding to the overall groove of the song then we’ll stick with it and just let everything else flow. But if there are five musicians shredding at the same time, the music wouldn’t sound right. People need to know when to sit back and when to take center stage. In our case, this album reflects a lot more of S.A.’s vocal stylings, as well as adding the new element of turntables as a viable instrument into the musical mix. By doing so, we can explore on a wider musical scale without having to rely solely on the vocals.”

The sounds of 311 and Transistor are undeniably aggressive, but Nick is also very quick to respond that listeners should not mistake high energy for aggression. “A lot of people confuse aggressive music with angst-filled emotions. Some bands try to capitalize on this emotional response, integrating the anger into their own kind of sound to produce the desired level of energy. We would never sacrifice our own personal happiness to make the music sound more emotional–besides; I don’t believe that someone has to be really upset in order to rock really hard these days. Energy and emotions can come from almost anywhere, and to limit them to just the negative experience would be a great disservice to yourself and those around you. Musicians don’t necessarily need to have a tortured soul in order to be considered believable, as well as evoke an emotional response from the audience. Our music may sound aggressive, but we’re not letting off anger–we are jumping for joy!”

Point made. It is that kind of sensible thinking and grass-roots attitude that has helped to propel 311 to even higher levels of success against the backdrop of an angry society. You might be able to take the boys out of Omaha, but you simply can’t take Omaha out of the boys! In all, 311 can best be summarized with the opening lyrics to “Strangers,” the first track off Transistor that I originally heard in demo form.

I can show you where’s the beat/And you can do as you feel as long as you move/Two perfect strangers sharing a groove.^m^

 

© July 15, 1997. Michael D. Vogel. All Rights Reserved. This originally appeared on the Vogelism blog at http://www.vogelism.com, authored by Michael D. Vogel. This article may be shared or reprinted as long as this entire copyright message, including the source location of this article, accompanies it.

311 – Transistor (Alternative Edit)

  

(click on picture to open file)

By: Michael D. Vogel

© July 15, 1997. Michael D. Vogel. All Rights Reserved.

Published in:

Virtually Alternative magazine – August 1997

[Author’s note: There are times in rock & roll where journalistic objectivity flies out the window. This is one of them. I’ve been friends with 311 for nearly five years now–not just professional business acquaintances, but honest-to-goodness pals. So, as you can imagine, this was a rather simple assignment, since I probably would’ve been hangin’ out with these guys anyway! All of this is meant as a warning; what follows is not so much an interview as it is two friends (311’s fearless leader Nicholas Hexum and myself) catching up on things. It’s also an invitation to be the proverbial “fly on the wall” and eavesdrop on our little chat. And, best of all, neither of us mind if you listen in.]

Back almost eight years ago, inspired by some of the greatest groups of the early punk-rock movement, (i.e. Sex Pistols, The Clash, Ramones and the Buzzcocks), 311 formed in the heart of middle America–Omaha, Nebraska. Through three self-produced indie albums and an exhaustive touring schedule that has helped them cultivate one of the most intense (and biggest) “grassroots” fan bases around, the band has managed to maintain their straight-up, melodic hard-core style.

Flash to 1991. 311 trades in nearly two years of hard work and sweat to go with “the man.” Goin’ corporate, if you will. At the time, bandleader Nicholas Hexum says, “We’re going to do what we want to do, and we’re always going to be the people we’ve always been. So, in the long run, I don’t think it makes much difference either way.”

Cut to the present, 1997. The boys of 311 are riding high on the success of their multi-Platinum third album, which has spawned three Top 20 tracks, including the #1 alternative juggernaut “Down.” They’ve recorded four albums since signing to Capricorn, and at the time of our talk the new album, Transistor had yet to be released, but the guys were already packing their bags in preparation for a whirlwind tour of Europe. Unfazed by the rush of the moment, Nick Hexum invited me to his new home, nestled high atop the Hollywood Hills, to catch up on the last few months, as well as to treat me to an exclusive preview of some highly tasty tracks from the new record. [Somewhere, throughout the rest of Hollywood, 311’s other four symphonic-hipsters–Chad, P-Nut, Tim and S.A.–were busily making preparations and tying up loose ends before the impending trip abroad.]

Nicholas Hexum is basically an open and friendly guy who, in my opinion, defines what growing up in America’s heartland is all about. Relaxing in an antique dining room chair, with an illuminated Dodger stadium just over his shoulder, Mr. Hexum is quite game to give me a little insight into the new album. In between final trip preparations and some last-minute phone calls (as well as a few quick games of billiards), Nick is ready to talk to me (and my tape recorder).

“We’ve changed a lot and then some

You know that we have always been down

And if I ever didn’t thank you

Then just let me do it now.”

“We all feel very fortunate. If it ever gets stressful, we remember that there are others out there who are less fortunate than us. Everyone has to have a job, yet the job that we have is something that we would, for the most part, be doing for fun anyway. I think the rap to ‘Starshines’ states it the best:

“I am a music lover and somehow I get paid

This song would still exist if no money was made

That’s the difference!

The band’s long-time fans needn’t worry about the spectre of a possible 311 sell-out–the new material is the same intense, streamlined rock-meets-reggae cocktail that has always been the signature of their sound. The simplicity of the project shines through, and the 21 tracks on the album paint a clear picture of what’s going on with the band.

“It’s a lot rawer,” Nick says of Transistor ‘s overall vibe, as a cool summertime breeze and sirens from the city below float in through the window. “We just tried to think of it in artistic terms. But that also made us relax a little more, as well as have more fun, overall. It’s the energy that is important. We felt we could get more out of each song, as well as go off further on certain tangents. Our sound is pretty different when we play in a live forum. We deliver the song with more force, and there is a lot heavier of a groove and power that you really can’t appreciate until you see us play in front of a live audience. We do have ‘album’ fans, but first and foremost, the most important thing to us has always been playing live. We aren’t going to be media manipulators, or fashion kings, or this week’s bunch of bad boys. All we want to do is play the music.”

That kind of intensity smacks like an open hand to the back of the neck throughout Transistor ‘s nearly two dozen depth charges. At the time of my introduction to the new album, the songs hadn’t even been set into any type of running sequence, yet there was nothing remotely resembling a weak link in the bunch. “It was simply time to challenge our fans as well as ourselves. We really wouldn’t feel proud of the album if it were simply a rehash of the same old thing. Fortunately, our fans have always embraced the different changes and styles we have employed over the last few albums, but at the same time, they demand we continue to really let it rock. We believe that Transistor embodies that kind of creative philosophy.

“There are some really hard-core songs, like ‘What Was I Thinking’ and ‘Electricity,’ and then there is ‘Galaxy,’ which could be the most intense of them all,” exclaims Nick. “Galaxy” is probably the most obvious tip that a dose of their roots just may have filtered its way into their present trip. Yet, for all the savage shades that abound on Transistor (in addition to slots in regular rotations on MTV and Alternative Radio), 311 aren’t really out to prove anything, other than that they haven’t changed a bit since becoming a multi-Platinum band.

Tune in

For those who are waitin’

Vision

Feel it from within

Sing along.

“We’re not really trying to get the music heard anymore. We’re really just trying to maintain our creative level and maintain our fan base. Even though we’re aware that our records are going out to potential millions, we try to stay focused in somewhat of a grassroots orientation, where we make music that will appeal to our family and friends. But, by trying something new, our goal is not to try and bring in those that were not supporters of the band before. Instead, we concentrate our energies on what we need to do in order to get the job done and rock the house. It’s not so much that we’re looking to grab the Hootie and the Blowfish fans as we are trying to make lasting impressions with the existing fan base.

“The bottom line is that we’ve always done exactly what we wanted to do,” explains Hexum, leaning across the table to express the extreme seriousness of this response. Together with Chad Sexton, Timothy J. Mahoney, Count S.A. Martinez and P-Nut, Nick formed 311 back in 1990. “I guess we must have been somewhat ahead of our time. We have been making music like this, mixing beats with rock and reggae, for years now.”

311 has also gained a little breathing room when it comes to being labeled as a band whose lyrics are capable of an ultra-blatant lashing effect. They have often been classified as having some very strong political beliefs. Examples of this can be found in such songs as “Unity” from Music, “Applied Science” on Grassroots and “Guns (Are For Pussies)” from their third self-titled release, to name just a few. According to Nicholas, Transistor carries on in that same fashion, but at the same time takes a good hard look at the individual and his place in the universe.

You’re a transistor

Lightning resistor

Conducting to the mother star

That’s what you are.

“The concept behind the name Transistor, whether you realize it or not, is that we are all diodes, or circuits, of the same like. Our nerves are like electrical wires that are carrying impulses to the brain to create our individual thoughts. Therefore, we are all transistors of the same electrical force that comes from the song. I guess it would be something similar to conducting through the mother star. All living creatures, both animals and plants, are exchanging the same electricity. It is a message of unity that we are all one interconnected organism. Therefore, the differences we see in the people around us are nothing more than individual elements that help to make us part of one great big organism.”

Taking that kind of inspiration to heart, Hexum — who is normally very much immersed in 311′s composing and recording process–moved a little farther away from being the central singer/songwriter to a more relaxed and integrated member of the band.

“Personally, I have been listening to more singers then rappers. On the last album, I had a rap on almost every song, whereas for Transistor, I have only two raps on the entire album. The vocals styles of S.A. and myself are very complementary. Where he is more of a hard-core rapper, I tend to reflect the styles of jazz/reggae crooners. The rap and hip-hop feel will always be a part of the music we do, but for this record, we wanted to concentrate more on melodies. It is essential to the longevity of the song. If there is no melody, the song will eventually become dated, fitting only that musical climate [of] when it was written. But if it has a melody, which defines the essence of what dancehall reggae is all about; the song should have lasting appeal. Overall, we would like to think of our songs as potential standards, rather than something simply destined for a mosh pit!”

“During the recording of our last album, 311, we were creating some pretty tasty rock riffs and then combining them with vocal raps. A very simplistic approach, compared to the recording of Transistor, where the lyrics were composed simultaneously with the music. Each song is written with a specific melody in mind, leaving room for improvisation in order to add some extra texture to the music. Without it, there is no sense in continuing with that project. In short, slapping two things together doesn’t accurately portray the picture the song is trying to create, as well as having a complete vision and then seeing it through to its completion.

“Overall, everyone in the band has really grown and matured since the last album. [Chad] Sexton’s beats and [Tim] Mahoney’s solos are always amazing, but the biggest difference is S.A. and P-Nut’s growth in the song writing forum.”

Every life form is based on this simplicity

The soul that you have is electricity.

But, like each of its predecessors, neither Transistor nor the band itself can be defined by anything less than four words. “Reggae and dancehall music have always been such a love of ours that we felt compelled to play it, as well as try and bring some much needed attention to the whole genre. It satisfies the whole band because of the intense rhythms of rap music, but also because of the melodies that reggae music provides. Therefore, our style for this record is a combination of the two. Each song is so completely different and unique, though; no one descriptive term can accurately describe the whole album. There are some rock songs, others that combine hip-hop beats with dancehall vocals and a 60′s style surf guitar sound into what has become a unique 311 formula. Simply stated, Transistor is a quasi-musical cocktail of funk, rock, rap, and reggae, with a few other spices thrown in. As a result, the music can be enjoyed by almost everyone.”

With guitarist Timothy J. handling all the blistering lead riffs, Nick providing layers of rhythm on the guitar, and P-Nut and Chad laying down the beat, it’s up to Count S.A. on the turntables to add sonic texture to the song. “Improvisation starts with a unique riff that hasn’t been used by anyone else. If it is adding to the overall groove of the song then we’ll stick with it and just let everything else flow. But if there are five musicians shredding at the same time, the music wouldn’t sound right. People need to know when to sit back and when to take center stage. In our case, this album reflects a lot more of S.A.’s vocal stylings, as well as adding the new element of turntables as a viable instrument into the musical mix. By doing so, we can explore on a wider musical scale without having to rely solely on the vocals.”

The sounds of 311 and Transistor are undeniably aggressive, but Nick is also very quick to respond that listeners should not mistake high energy for aggression. “A lot of people confuse aggressive music with angst-filled emotions. Some bands try to capitalize on this emotional response, integrating the anger into their own kind of sound to produce the desired level of energy. We would never sacrifice our own personal happiness to make the music sound more emotional–besides; I don’t believe that someone has to be really upset in order to rock really hard these days. Energy and emotions can come from almost anywhere, and to limit them to just the negative experience would be a great disservice to yourself and those around you. Musicians don’t necessarily need to have a tortured soul in order to be considered believable, as well as evoke an emotional response from the audience. Our music may sound aggressive, but we’re not letting off anger–we are jumping for joy!”

Point made. It is that kind of sensible thinking and grass-roots attitude that has helped to propel 311 to even higher levels of success against the backdrop of an angry society. You might be able to take the boys out of Omaha, but you simply can’t take Omaha out of the boys! In all, 311 can best be summarized with the opening lyrics to “Strangers,” the first track off Transistor that I originally heard in demo form.

I can show you where’s the beat

And you can do as you feel as long as you move

Two perfect strangers sharing a groove.^m^

Line-Up: Origin:

Nicholas Hexum – Vocals & Guitar Originally from Omaha, the boys of 311

Count SA Martinez – Vocals & Scratches now reside in Los Angeles

Timothy J. Mahoney – Guitar

P-Nut – Bass Website:

Chad Sexton – Drums & Percussion www.311.com

About The Current CD:

Transistor is the fourth album from 311, following on the heels of their multi-Platinum self-titled album

Discography:

Transistor (Capricorn, 1997) Hydroponic (self-released, 1992)

311 (Capricorn, 1995) Unity (self-released, 1991)

Grassroots (Capricorn, 1994) Dammit! (self-released, 1990)

Music (Capricorn, 1993)

Produced By:

Scott ‘Scotch’ Ralston

Label:

Capricorn

 

© July 15, 1997. Michael D. Vogel. All Rights Reserved. This originally appeared on the Vogelism blog at http://www.vogelism.com, authored by Michael D. Vogel. This article may be shared or reprinted as long as this entire copyright message, including the source location of this article, accompanies it.

311 – Transistor (Rock Edit)

(click on picture to open file)

By: Michael D. Vogel

© July 15, 1997. Michael D. Vogel. All Rights Reserved.

Published in:

The Album Network magazine – August 8, 1997

 

Although 311 have become both mainstream and commercial in their appeal, they have managed to maintain, with the utmost care, the integrity and power of their message. Although they operate in the “commercial” arena of the alternative movement, that doesn’t mean they should be taken less seriously. Hailing from the midwest, the five guys of 311 are as close as we get in America to a “voice of the people.” Whether you like their music, you should listen up, for 311′s attitude runs the full gamut of their sound. It’s about noise, volume, speed and the sheer intensity of the music. It can make you want to jump around and act stupid or it can make you think and want to change your life. Hopefully, you’ll want to do a little of both.

On the eve of their departure for a European tour, 311 leader and resident guru Nicholas Hexum and I sat down, in his new home high atop the Hollywood hills, for a very candid conversation about the struggles and frustrations of the last year, dancehall reggae, their longform video and the new album.

311 have always been very active, yet the band has been off the road for almost nine months. What’s been going on with 311?

Nicholas Hexum: “So much has happened in the last year. But, at the same time, it really doesn’t seem like we took any time off either. The popularity of our last album, 311, was amazing. The song ‘Down’ alone went to #1 on MTV as well as at Alternative Radio. We then received quite a big surprise being voted the top song in KROQ’s ‘Best Of’ year-end countdown. In addition, the album has sold several million copies as well. There is a lot of hard work and dedication on all our parts, the band and everyone associated with us, that has helped to achieve the success that we have. Over all, we feel very fortunate to have all these fantastic things happen to us.

“Some people are doctors or lawyers. We are musicians. Our only job is to constantly and consistently push our own level of creativity to the limit. Making music that will be enjoyed for years to come is our biggest priority. If we rest on our past successes, then we really aren’t doing anything new. The end result is that the music, the artists and ultimately the fan suffers. 311 are about creativity. We constantly push ourselves past where we have been so that new doors of sights and sounds can be experienced.”

Although there was some support, for the most part radio wasn’t “Down” with 311 until almost a year, and three singles, after the album was released. Does this type of delay in the recognition and exposure of the music frustrate the band?

“It is really only about the music. The album might have been close to a year old at the time radio discovered the song ‘Down,’ but the important thing is the song received the attention of radio. This helped to open the door for some of the other material on the album. Ultimately, the biggest benefit came in the re-examining of the songs on our other two albums as well.

“When, Music, our first album, was released, the whole music vibe was caught on the Seattle grunge sound. Therefore, a rock/rap hybrid probably would not be very well embraced. But nothing ever stays the same for to long. If we kept true to ourselves and our musical goals, we believed eventually would get our day in the sun.”

There is a stark contrast between the last album and Transistor. Why shift to more of a dancehall reggae sound?

“Reggae and dancehall music have always been such a love of ours that we felt compelled to play it as well as try and bring some much needed attention to the whole genre. It satisfies the whole band because of the intense rhythms of rap music and also the melodies that reggae music provides. Our style for this record is a combination of the two. Each song is so completely different and unique, though; no one descriptive term can accurately describe the whole album. There are some rock songs, others that combine hip-hop beats with dancehall vocals and a 60s-style surf guitar sound into what has become a unique 311 formula. Simply stated, Transistor is a quasi-musical cocktail of funk, rock, rap, and reggae with a few other spices thrown in. As a result, the music can be enjoyed by almost everyone.

“Personally, I have been listening to more singers than rappers. On the last album, I had a rap on almost every song, whereas for Transistor, I have only two raps on the entire album. The vocals styles of SA [Martinez] and myself are very complementary. Where he is more of a hardcore rapper, I tend to reflect the styles of jazz/reggae crooners. The rap and hip-hop feel will always be a part of the music we do, but for this record, we wanted to concentrate more on melodies. It is essential to the longevity of the song. If there is no melody, the song will eventually become dated, fitting only that musical climate when it was written. But if it has a melody, which defines the essence of what dancehall reggae is all about; the song should have lasting appeal. Overall, we would like to think of our music as potential standards, rather than something simply destined for a mosh pit!

“During the recording of our last album, 311, we were creating some pretty tasty rock riffs and then combining them with vocal raps. A very simplistic approach compared to the recording of Transistor, where the lyrics were composed simultaneously with the music. Each song is written with a specific melody in mind, leaving room for improvisation in order to add some extra texture to the music. Without it, there is no sense in continuing with that project. In short, slapping two things together doesn’t accurately portray the picture the song is trying to create, as well as having a complete vision and then seeing it through to its completion.

“But, with change comes other factors as a result. By trying something new, our goal is not to try and bring in those that were not supporters of the band before. Instead, we concentrate our energies on what we need to do in order to get the job done and rock the house. It is not so much that we were looking to grab the Hootie & The Blowfish fans, as we are trying to make lasting impressions with the existing fan base.

“It was simply time to challenge our fans as well as ourselves. We really wouldn’t feel proud of the album if it were simply a rehash of the same old thing. Fortunately, our fans have always embraced the different changes and styles we have employed over the last few albums, but at the same time demand we continue to really let it rock. We believe Transistor embodies that kind of creative philosophy. For example, there are some really hardcore songs on the new album. ‘What Was I Thinking,’ ‘Electricity’ and ‘Galaxy’ are all extremely intense songs.

“Overall, everyone in the band has really grown and matured since the last album. [Chad] Sexton’s beats and [Tim] Mahoney’s solos are always amazing, but the biggest difference is SA and P-Nut’s growth in the songwriting forum.”

Too few musicians understand how to listen in improvisational situations–do you feel that it’s a matter of leaving your ego at the door?

“Improvisation starts with a unique riff that hasn’t been used by anyone else. If it is adding to the overall groove of the song, then we will stick with it and just let everything else flow. But if there are five guitarists shredding at the same time, the music wouldn’t sound right. People need to know when to sit back and when to take center stage. In our case, this album reflects a lot more of SA’s vocal stylings as well as adding the new element of turntables as a viable instrument into the musical mix. By doing so, we can explore on a wider musical scale without having to rely solely on the vocals.

“As time moves on, I can see us getting into the instrumental side of music. Our improvisations are the combination of punk rock that really doesn’t embrace the solo, with instrumental music to create a blend that is a more mature, cerebral way of expression. Pop bands always use vocals in their songs, whereas more developed bands like Led Zeppelin and the Grateful Dead tend to regularly use long instrumentals throughout their music. The aim is to take the listener on a trip purely for music and without any lyrics.”

At the beginning of the year, 311 released the Enlarged To Show Detail longform video and CD. Why did the band intentionally downplay the new music covered in that package?

“It was really designed for our hardcore fans–a little taste to satisfy their desire for more music until the new album was released. But the project was not, nor was it ever intended to be, considered our new album. Similar to Transistor, there were several songs that unfortunately didn’t make the final cut. The same is true for the video package. The songs contained on the special CD were all B-side material from previous albums. Even though these songs were the ‘left-overs,’ we still felt they were creatively important. The video contains some live footage as well as the mayhem that happens behind the scenes. For the most part though, we were concerned with over saturation.”

With success usually comes some sort of change. In the past, 311 has had some pretty big-name producers working on the album, yet on the new album, you chose to use your own soundman as the producer. By making such a radical decision, have 311 become the master of its own destiny?

“We are completely left on our own to make our musical vision come true. It is for that reason we chose Scott ‘Scotch’ Ralston, our soundman, to produce the record. He is very much like us–he is from the Midwest and in his mid 20s. We have worked with outside producers before, but for this record we wanted to keep it all in the family. We wanted to test our own level of self-reliance. As a natural part of life, disagreements occasionally do happen. Some take votes in order to solve these problems others simply make rash decision, but for us, Rock, paper and scissors play a serious role in the decision making process of 311. But, after everything is all said and done, we feel we made the right decision.” ^m^

 

Line-Up: Origin:

Nicholas Hexum – Vocals & Guitar Originally from Omaha, the boys of 311 now reside in Los Angeles

Count SA Martinez – Vocals & Scratches

Timothy J. Mahoney – Guitar

P-Nut – Bass Website:

Chad Sexton – Drums & Percussion www.311.com

About The Current CD:

Transistor is the fourth album from 311, following on the heels of their multi-Platinum self-titled album.

Discography:

Transistor (Capricorn, 1997) Hydroponic (self-released, 1992)

311 (Capricorn, 1995) Unity (self-released, 1991)

Grassroots (Capricorn, 1994) Dammit! (self-released, 1990)

Music (Capricorn, 1993)

Produced By:

Scott ‘Scotch’ Ralston

Label:

Capricorn

 

© July 15, 1997. Michael D. Vogel. All Rights Reserved. This originally appeared on the Vogelism blog at http://www.vogelism.com, authored by Michael D. Vogel. This article may be shared or reprinted as long as this entire copyright message, including the source location of this article, accompanies it.

 

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